There are individual differences in how people interpret reasoning tasks and draw inferences from their interpretation. This course will treat reasoning processes as highly interconnected with other cognitive and social processes. The principle questions explored by the course are:
- Why are there individual differences in reasoning?
- How should we investigate them?
- What are the social and philosophical implications?
We will read and discuss recent literature on individual differences. Topics to be related to reasoning include: clinical conditions such as autism spectrum condition; personality; intelligence; motivation; and language pragmatics. Methodological approaches discussed will range from Socratic dialogue to item response theory.